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Thursday, July 19, 2018

To produce biopharmaceuticals on demand, just add water

Researchers have created tiny freeze-dried pellets that include all of the molecular machinery needed to translate DNA into proteins, which could form the basis for on-demand production of drugs and vaccines.

Landmark map reveals the genetic wiring of cellular life

A new map breaks away from the old way of studying genes one at a time, showing how genes interact in groups to shed light on the genetic roots of diseases.

Apple, lettuce can remedy garlic breath

Garlic -- consumers either love or hate the taste, but one thing is for certain, no one likes it when the scent of it sticks around on their breath. Now, garlic lovers may have a new solution to their halitosis problem. A study has found that eating raw apple or lettuce may help reduce garlic breath.

Caspian terns discovered nesting 1,000 miles farther to the north than ever recorded in...

In the late summer of 2016, a field team monitored Caspian tern chicks through to fledging in Cape Krusenstern National Monument in Alaska. This discovery of Caspian terns breeding above the Arctic Circle in the Chukchi Sea is nearly 1,000 miles farther north than previously recorded – a strikingly large jump in the range of nesting for this (or any) species.

Underwater ‘Cystoseira zosteroides’ forests, the Mediterranean algae, threatened by human activity impact

The effects of an intense storm every twenty-five years could make the marine alga populations of Cystoseira zosteroides disappear – an endemic species of the Mediterranean with great ecological value for the biodiversity of marine benthos – according to a new article.

Lipid receptor fosters infection of the uterus in bitches

In the female dog, cells of the uterus can accumulate lipid droplets to form so-called foamy epithelial cells during late metoestrus. These cells produce a hormone that is involved in the implantation of the embryo in the uterus. A team of researchers has now shown for the first time that the factor assisting the cells in lipid accumulation also facilitates the binding of bacteria to the epithelial cells, resulting in serious infections of the uterus in female dogs.

Al­tern­at­ive ox­i­dase from a mar­ine an­imal works in mam­mals, com­bats bac­terial sepsis

Mitochondrial alternative oxidase from a sea-squirt works as a safety valve for stressed mitochondria. This property enables it to stop the runaway inflammatory process that leads to multiple organ failure and eventual death in bacterial sepsis.

Long-term monitoring of sapovirus infection in wild carnivores in the Serengeti

Sapoviruses are an emerging group of viruses of the group of caliciviruses and well known agents of gastric enteritis, but very little is currently known about their role in wildlife ecology or the genetic strains that infect wildlife. Research findings by a group of scientists describe for the first time, sapovirus infection in African wild carnivores in the Serengeti ecosystem, including the spotted hyena, the African lion and the bat-eared fox. The results from two decades of monitoring revealed several sapovirus outbreaks of infection in spotted hyenas and, counter-intuitively, that the risk of infection declined as group sizes increased.

Resonance in Rainbow Bridge

Utah's iconic Rainbow Bridge hums with natural and human-made vibrations, according to a new study. The study characterizes the different ways the bridge vibrates and what frequencies and energy sources cause the rock structure to resonate. The vibrations are small, according to a geology and geophysics professor, but the study provides a baseline measure of the bridge's structural integrity and shows how human activities can rattle solid rock.

Fracking causes earthquakes, but new research finds way to make it safer

Injecting wastewater deep underground as a byproduct of oil and gas extraction techniques that include fracking causes human-made earthquakes, new research has found. The study, which also showed that the risk can be mitigated, has the potential to transform oil and gas industry practices.

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London Bridge terror attack heroes on Civilian Gallantry List

Eight people who helped others during the terror attack are among 20 honoured by the Queen for gallantry. Source: BBC

Turkey ends state of emergency after two years

The measures, in place since a failed coup in 2016, saw tens of thousands arrested or fired from jobs. Source: BBC

Trump on whether he holds Putin responsible for election meddling: “I would, because he’s...

The commander in chief sat down for his second interview with CBS News' Jeff Glor in the last few days