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Thursday, June 21, 2018

Microbe breaks ‘universal’ DNA rule by using two different translations

DNA is often referred to as the blueprint for life, however scientists have for the first time discovered a microbe that uses two different translations of the DNA code at random. This unexpected finding breaks what was thought to be a universal rule, since the proteins from this microbe cannot be fully predicted from the DNA sequence.

Scientists have captured the elusive cell that can regenerate an entire flatworm

Researchers have captured the one cell that is capable of regenerating an entire organism.

Non-coding DNA changes the genitals you’re born with

Male mice grow ovaries instead of testes if they are missing a small region of DNA that doesn't contain any genes -- a finding that could help explain disorders of sex development in humans, at least half of which have an unknown genetic cause.

Climate change has fish moving faster than regulations can keep up

The world's system for allocating fish stocks is being outpaced by the movement of fish species in response to climate change, according to a study undertaken by an international team of marine ecologists, fisheries and social scientists, and lawyers.

Who is to blame for marine litter?

Members of the public are more likely to blame the global marine litter crisis on retailers, industry and government, according to new research.

Scientists discover biomarker for flu susceptibility

Researchers have found a way to predict whether someone exposed to the flu virus is likely to become ill. They used a computational approach to pinpoint a blood-based genetic biomarker to determine an individual's susceptibility to the disease.

Decades of satellite monitoring reveal Antarctic ice loss

Scientists have reviewed decades of satellite measurements to reveal how and why Antarctica's glaciers, ice shelves and sea ice are changing. Their report explains how ice shelf thinning and collapse have triggered an increase in the continent's contribution to sea level rise.

Antarctica ramps up sea level rise

Ice losses from Antarctica have increased global sea levels by 7.6 mm since 1992, with two fifths of this rise (3.0 mm) coming in the last five years alone. The findings are from a major climate assessment known as the Ice Sheet Mass Balance Inter-comparison Exercise (IMBIE). It is the most complete picture of Antarctic ice sheet change to date -- 84 scientists from 44 international organizations combined 24 satellite surveys to produce the assessment.

Environmental threats put bumblebee queens under pressure

Researchers found that environmental threats are piling onto the stress faced by nest-building bumblebee queens.

Scientists discover a new way to find mass extinctions

During the history of the Earth, there were many mass extinctions, when huge numbers of species died out. They are usually easy to identify because of the sudden extinctions, followed by a gap, and then the recovery of life.

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Burger King pulls ad urging sex with World Cup stars

Fast food chain admits ad urging Russian women to procreate with soccer stars, "turned out to be too offensive"

Japan suspends missile strike drills after Trump-Kim summit

Started last year as N. Korea test-fired missiles near Japanese islands, drills now on hold as gov't says threat has eased

Mass murderer’s appeal to human rights court rejected

Anders Behring Breivik, serving 21 years for killing 77 people in bomb, shooting rampage, said prison isolation violated his rights