Herpetologists describe an elf frog from the elfin forests in southern Vietnam

Going under the common name of Elfin mountain toad, a new amphibian is recognized as one of the smallest representative of its group. The new species was identified from the highland wet forests of Langbian Plateau, Southern Vietnam. The discoverers gave it this name that derives from German and Celtic folklore because of the resemblance they found between the tiny delicate amphibians and elves - small magic creatures. Furthermore, their habitat is known as elfin forests.

Life in the Precambrian may have been much livelier than previously thought

The strange creatures that lived in the Garden of the Ediacaran more than 540 million years ago, before animals came on the scene, may have been much more dynamic than experts have thought.

Scientists to test Zika virus on brain tumors

In a revolutionary first, scientists will test whether the Zika virus can destroy brain tumor cells, potentially leading to new treatments for one of the hardest to treat cancers.  

Nutritional properties of mushrooms are better preserved when they are grilled or microwaved

Culinary treatments (boiling, microwaving, grilling, and deep frying) influence on proximate composition and antioxidant capacity of most cultivated mushrooms worlwide. A study has shown that microwaving and grilling are the best processes to maintain the nutritional profile of mushrooms.

How RNA formed at the origins of life

A single process for how a group of molecules called nucleotides were made on the early Earth, before life began, has been suggested by a team of researchers.

Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus could simultaneously transmit other viruses

Aedes aegypti, the primary mosquito that carries Zika virus, might also transmit chikungunya and dengue viruses with one bite, scientists report.

Sea level as a metronome of Earth’s history

Sedimentary layers contain stratigraphic cycles and patterns that precisely reveal the succession of climatic and tectonic conditions that have occurred over millennia. Researchers have been working on an analytical method that combines observing deep-water sedimentary strata and measuring in them the isotopic ratio between heavy and light carbon. They have discovered that the cycles that punctuate these sedimentary successions are ascribable to sea level changes.

Iron deficiency restrains marine microbes

Iron is a critical nutrient in the ocean. Its importance for algae and the nitrogen cycle has already been investigated in detail. Now a new discovery shows that microbes also need iron to process phosphorus. A team of researchers has completed a study showing that iron can limit phosphorus acquisition in the ocean. Their study contributes to knowledge of nutrient cycling in the ocean.

Insight into enzyme’s 3-D structure could cut biofuel costs

Using neutron crystallography, research team has mapped the three-dimensional structure of a protein that breaks down polysaccharides, such as the fibrous cellulose of grasses and woody plants, a finding that could help bring down the cost of creating biofuels.

Newly discovered brain network offers clues to social cognition

By studying rhesus monkeys, researchers have identified a brain network dedicated to processing social interactions -- a discovery that offers tantalizing clues to the origins of our ability to understand what other people are thinking.

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Tropical Storm Dorian gathering strength over the Atlantic

The National Hurricane Center said Sunday that Dorian​ could intensify to near hurricane strength over the eastern Caribbean Sea by Tuesday

Hong Kong protests turn dangerous after officer fires warning shot

Police drew their guns and fired a warning shot Sunday night after a group attacked them with sticks and rods, sparking an escalation in the summerlong protests

Louisiana beats Curacao 8-0 to win Little League World Series

With Louisiana's victory, U.S. teams have won back-to-back Little League crowns for the first time since 2009