Senator Tim Kaine, left, and Gov. Mike Pence threw each other on the defensive at the vice-presidential debate in Farmville, Va., on Tuesday. Credit Doug Mills/The New York Times

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Good morning.

Here’s what you need to know:

• Clash of the vice-presidential nominees.

Senator Tim Kaine and Gov. Mike Pence vigorously promoted the merits of their running mates and delivered sharp exchanges over policies and qualifications Tuesday night. Here are the highlights of their debate.

Our analysis looks at Mr. Pence’s strategy for defending Donald J. Trump. Among our observations: “Time and again, Mr. Kaine beseeched Mr. Pence to explain or justify Mr. Trump’s behavior. Time and again, Mr. Pence found a way not to.”

The two men appear to have avoided errors that could have damaged the top of their tickets. Here are five takeaways from the debate, and a fact-check of their statements.

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• On the campaign trail.

Hillary Clinton is scheduled to attend a fund-raiser in Washington, D.C., today, while Mr. Trump will be in Nevada.

We look at how Mrs. Clinton’s latest comments about antitrust laws tap into recent research by left-leaning economists. They cite excessive corporate power as the source of many economic problems in the U.S.

• Hurricane batters Haiti.

As of Tuesday night, at least five people had died in the storm, which had 145-mile-per-hour winds, more than 14,000 had been evacuated and over 2,000 homes were flooded or destroyed.

Cuba, Jamaica and the Bahamas are also expected to be affected by the hurricane. States along the southeast coast of the U.S. are bracing for dangerous weather this weekend.

• Europe’s migrant crisis.

A 37-year-old French farmer has been helping to run an underground railroad for migrants, mostly young African men trying to reach Britain or Germany.

“I don’t have a global solution,” he said. “But the state is not managing this properly. I think it’s my duty.”

• Nobel Prize.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for designing and synthesizing “the world’s smallest machines.” They aren’t visible to the eye, but they can be used to develop new materials.


Activist hedge funds are notorious for being dominated by men, but a new player in the field is looking to change that. It views diversification of corporate boardrooms as a way to improve stock prices. The activist fund also appears to be the first in the country fronted by a woman.

• Facebook’s Marketplace, a section of its app that allows users to buy and sell items, got off to a rough start this week. The company apologized after illegal drugs, guns, sexual services and even baby hedgehogs were listed.

Google introduced its own smartphone, the Pixel, putting it more directly in competition with Apple and many of its own Android partners.

• U.S. stocks were down on Tuesday. Here’s a snapshot of global markets.


• In memoriam.

Gloria Naylor, 66, won a National Book Award in 1983 for her debut novel, “The Women of Brewster Place.” It gained more attention when Oprah Winfrey adapted it in 1989 as a two-part television movie.

George Barris, 94, took some of the last professional photographs of Marilyn Monroe in the weeks before she died. He never shared whatever he knew about Ms. Monroe’s death, his daughter said, adding, “A lot of things he kept secret.”

• Sacred ground and polluted waters.

A proposal to build a massive telescope on Mauna Kea in Hawaii has pit astronomers against opponents who say the project would spoil an ancient landscape. “This is a very simple case about land use,” a critic of the telescope said. “It’s not science versus religion.”

Refrigerators, televisions and mattresses are among the items floating in the Ciliwung River in Jakarta, Indonesia. An effort to unclog the waterway has protected about one million residents from flooding.

• Baseball postseason.

The Toronto Blue Jays beat the Baltimore Orioles, 5-2, in 11 innings and will now face the Texas Rangers in one of the American League division series. The San Francisco Giants play the New York Mets in the National League wild-card game tonight (8 p.m., ESPN).

And we follow one fan’s quest to honor all 312 members of the Baseball Hall of Fame. The journey led him to the grave of a player called the Cuban Babe Ruth.

• Recipe of the day.

Treat yourself to a hearty midweek meal: turkey meatloaf. While it bakes, read our list of 11 essential cocktails.

Back Story

Throwing a baseball accurately is difficult. Doing so with bugs flying in your face is even tougher.


Bug spray couldn’t save Joba Chamberlain from blowing a lead for the New York Yankees in Game 2 of the American League division series against Cleveland. The Yankees lost, 2-1. Credit Amy Sancetta/Associated Press

The New York Yankees pitcher Joba Chamberlain learned this nine years ago today during a critical moment in the playoffs against the Cleveland Indians.

Chamberlain, a rookie armed with a potent fastball, was on the mound in the eighth inning with the Yankees ahead, 1-0.

Then a cloud of gnats descended on the 6-foot-3-inch pitcher. An unusually humid night in Cleveland fueled their frenzy.

“They just saw a high point where they could swarm together to mate,” an entomologist told The Times.

The insects, technically called midges, clung to his neck and buzzed around his eyes. Chamberlain hit a batter, walked two others and threw two wild pitches. Cleveland tied the score without ever getting a hit. The Yankees ended up losing the game, and the American League division series a few days later.

Chamberlain refused to blame the bugs, noting that other players had been pestered, too. “They just didn’t show up for me,” he said.

His promising career, though, never took off. After seven seasons in New York, he bounced around the league. Chamberlain’s latest stop: Cleveland.

But he won’t be with the team for its playoff series against Boston on Thursday. The Indians released him this summer.

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